Mesothelioma is an aggressive form of cancer that tends to spread quickly. Tumors composed of epithelial cells are generally less aggressive and spread more slowly than other types of tumors. Most people with mesothelioma have an epithelioid form. The spread of mesothelioma cells may be considered localized, regional, or distant, depending on the tissues or organs in which the cancer cells are found.
Stage IV mesothelioma has spread to both sides of the body, and at this time, mesothelioma cancer cells may have moved to structures and organs away from the initial tumor. Patients with this stage of cancer may receive palliative treatments that reduce the discomfort and pain of the disease.Numerous factors can affect how quickly mesothelioma progresses and the areas of the body to which it spreads. The cell type of a mesothelioma tumor plays an important role in how quickly the disease spreads. Tumors with epithelial composition tend to be less aggressive and spread more slowly, increasing life expectancy.
On the other hand, sarcomatoid and biphasic mesotheliomas spread more rapidly to other areas of the body, minimizing treatment options and reducing expected life expectancy.Mesothelioma cancer can spread throughout the body in several ways, much like other types of cancer that spread in the body in more advanced stages. Metastasis, or spread, of mesothelioma plays an important role in the effectiveness of treatment options. Mesothelioma progresses rapidly, and the development of metastases can occur as early as in several weeks. Compared to other types of cancer, it is usually aggressive and fast.The areas that mesothelioma spreads most often include the liver, kidneys, adrenal glands, and spleen.
If mesothelioma or lung cancer is suspected, the doctor will take a biopsy, a small sample of tissue with a needle. Treatment for mesothelioma depends on where the cancer is, what stage it is, and how healthy the person who has it is. More than one type of treatment may be used. For example, pleural (lung) and peritoneal (abdomen) mesothelioma tend to be locally aggressive cancers, meaning they usually metastasize to organs or muscles that are close to the lungs or stomach.Second, most treatments for mesothelioma depend on the goal of reducing the ability of the disease to spread.
Patients with more advanced mesothelioma often benefit from treatments to reduce pain and discomfort. Doctors often use palliative treatment to relieve pain and discomfort caused by symptoms of metastatic mesothelioma. Bhagwandin arrived in Jupiter to bring HIPEC, a treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma that is not available everywhere, to patients in the region.Although metastasis and prognosis are inversely related (meaning that the prognosis decreases as the stage of mesothelioma increases), no two cases of mesothelioma are exactly the same. Epithelial mesothelioma is the most common, and these cancer cells adhere more strongly to each other, so metastasis is slower with this type of mesothelioma.
While current treatments are less effective the more cancer progresses, many clinical trials are looking to improve the standard of care or find new treatment options for mesothelioma.